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Software Engineering Degrees, Careers and Salary | How to Become

Description of Software Engineer 

The Software Engineer profession is in charge of developing, maintaining, testing, and evaluating software. Meanwhile, software engineers who are beginners are usually only in charge of writing, debugging, maintaining, and testing a piece of software. 

A Software Engineer will make changes to the software if there are things that need to be changed when testing. Software Engineers will also work with common programming languages ​​such as Java, C++, and Python. Software Engineers provide instructions for performing specific tasks. For example, storing information, displaying calculations, and others. 

In essence, Software Engineers present solutions to reduce the complexity of each project by dividing a large set of problems into smaller problems. Thus, these problems can be solved with better and more effective solutions.

Software Engineering

Software Engineer Roles and Responsibilities 

  • A Software Engineer is responsible for the entire product development cycle. He attends to needs and designs holistic solutions, including all of its interrelated components
  • Software Engineers perform the tasks of programmers, systems analysts, and some Software Quality Assurance engineers
  • Software engineers are tasked with researching, designing, developing, testing, and maintaining software
  • Software Engineer recommends and implements the most suitable method in a software development project
  • Software Engineer analyzes funds, and time and design feasibility
  • Software Engineers communicate with clients or consumers regarding software designs and specifications.
  • Software Engineers work across teams to provide technical guidance and support the entire product development process
  • Software Engineers provide technical support as part of the product development process
  • Develop software through object-oriented or object-oriented programming
  • Management of the software development process, from design to product delivery.

Software Engineer Skills and Knowledge 

  • Have technical expertise in the software development process accompanied by extensive experience in various projects
  • Software Requirements, the ability to determine the needs of users of the software or the purpose of the software
  • Software Design, The process of planning and developing specifications for software solutions
  • Software Construction, Developing software through object-oriented programming, testing and debugging
  • Software Testing, Reviewing system software or components before releasing a product
  • Software Maintenance, The process of modifying software products to repair or solve problems.
  • Software Configuration Management, Tracking and managing software changes
  • Software Engineering Management, Management of the software development process, from design to product delivery.
  • Software Engineering, Process Methodologies applied to software development (e.g., agile methodologies, waterfall programming)
  • Software Quality, The ability to create and maintain software that meets its functional requirements
  • Software Engineering Economics Knowledge of software costs, production estimates and current market trends

Software Engineer Personality 

  • Analytical Thinking by using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, or approaches to a problem being handled
  • Passion for programming is a must to become a software engineer. Always try, keep learning, and want to try as the characteristics of a Software Engineer who loves programming
  • Problem solving, Understanding complex problems and knowing how to use technology to solve them
  • Time management in handling deadlines that are usually given in the design of an application, and others
  • Communication skills, able to speak in technical and non-technical terms to the development team or other departments
  • Logic and Imagination, a programmer must have the ability to solve a problem not only with one answer but many alternatives

How to Become a Software Engineer

1. Education Strata 1 

Becoming a Software Engineer is suitable for you who have a degree in computer science because studying in this department will help you become more proficient in designing and improving software. Software engineering itself is part of computer science, more precisely the development and construction of computer system software and application software. System software consists of programs that manage computing utilities and the operating system. Application software includes user-focused programs, such as database programs, web browsers, and others. Other majors you can take include Information Systems, and Mathematics. Computer science education itself will be taken within 4 years. 

2. Software Engineer Certification 

Other certifications that will help you land this job include Capability Maturity Model Integration, Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer, and Microsoft SQL Server, as well: 

  • C++ CERTIFICATION, C++ Institute:
    • C Programming Language Certified Association (CLA)
    • C Certified Professional Programmer (CLP)
    • Certified Senior Programmer (CLS)
    • C++ Certified Associate Programmer (CPA)
    • C++ Certified Professional Programmer (CPP)
    • C++ Certified Senior Programmer (CPS)

Where do software engineers work? 

Software Engineers Are Much Needed in Companies and Startups from Various Industries 
Most Software Engineers are employed by companies specialized in software development, in the IT field, a Software Engineer plays a role in developing, maintaining, testing, and evaluating computer software. However, Software Engineers who are beginners or basic level are usually in charge of writing, debugging, maintaining, and testing software only.

A Software Engineer will make changes to the software if there are things that need to be changed during testing. Software Engineers will also work with common programming languages ​​such as Java, C++, and Python. Software engineers can do things like give instructions to computers to perform certain tasks. For example, giving instructions such as storing information, displaying calculations, and others.

A Software Engineer can earn an average salary in the range of $500 to $800 per month. In fact, the longer the work experience, the higher the salary figure will reach up to $3000 per month. Know the career branches in software engineering, here are some of them:

  • Application Development: Based on problem-solving skills, non-Web software development. The programming languages ​​used include Java and C#.
  • System Development Design and Coding: Used to support application development. The programming languages ​​used include C and C++.
  • Web Development: Designing software or applications to run on a web browser. Using programming languages ​​such as HTML, JavaScript and PHP.
  • Embedded System Development: Designing computer systems and software for use in non-computer devices, such as cars. Using a programming language such as C and some combination of other programming languages.

Software Engineer Job Prospects 

Job opportunities as a Software Engineer will always be open, because: 

Software Engineer is One of the Five Most Needed Jobs in Indonesia
The five most sought after and needed job categories in Indonesia are Software Engineer (61.15%), Product Management (14.54%), Operations (14.54%), Marketing and Communications (9.72%), and Data Science and Analysis (3.56%). Software Engineer is number one. In addition, this profession is also highly valued in e-commerce companies, you know, with a salary of up to $2000 per month. 

This is because, if most people focus on building a piece of software with millions of lines of program code. But with Software Engineering, you can plan everything and eliminate everything that is considered unimportant. As a result, the production costs of software development can be reduced compared to other software developments that do not use the Software Engineering approach.

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